F-1 - Students
For individuals traveling to the U.S. to attend a full course of study at an academic institution such as a college, university, conservatory, high school or language school. The immediate family members are eligible for F-2 visas. They are not allowed to work.
J-1 - Exchange Visitors
For individuals traveling to the U.S. to participate in one of a wide variety of educational and cultural exchange programs, such as:
- Medical students coming to the U.S. as residents or interns
- Post-graduate students
- Foreign scholars sponsored by universities as temporary faculty
- Business and Industrial trainees
- Government visitors
- Summer camp counselors and staff
- Au-pair and nanny
- Anyone who takes part in a exchange program approved by the U.S. Department of State
The immediate family members are eligible for J-2 visas. They are not allowed to work.
Waiver J-1 Waiver
An individuals subject to two-year foreign residence may not change his/her status to that of H, L, or K, or to immigrant or legal permanent status until he/she has fulfilled the two-year foreign residence requirement by going back to his/her home country or receiving a waiver of this requirement.
A person may be may be subject to the two-year foreign residence requirement for any of the following reasons:
- The individual is an exchange visitor participating in an exchange program funded by the U.S. Government, his/her own government, or an international organization.
- The individual is an exchange visitor pursuing education, training, or a skill in an exchange program that appears on the Exchange Visitor Skills List (1997 Amendment) for his/her country.
- The individual is on a J-1 status obtained on or after January 10, 1977 , for the purpose of receiving graduate medical education or training